Office of Deputy Commissioner
Changlang – 792120,
Contact: 03808-222221 (O), 03808-222618(O), 03808-222224(R)
E-mail: dc-chang-arn[at]nic[dot]in, dcchanglang[at]gmail[dot]com
Demography of JairampurAccording to the 2001 India Census, Jairampur had a population of 5918,. There are 57% males and 43% females of the total population of Jairampur. It has an average of 71% literacy than the national average of 59.5%. The average of male literacy is 77% and female literacy is 33%.
The Tangsas are dominant one of the major tribes of Jairampur. There are many different sub tribes in Jairampur like Tikhak, Muklom, Havi, Jugli, Kimsing, Longphi and Moosang. The tribes of Jairampur are of Mongoloid decent.
The Tangsas migrated from Myanmar to India in 1740s. The Tangsas are laborious and peace loving community and experts in handicrafts. By occupation the major population of the Tangsas is agriculturists. Their warm smiles and hospitality for guests is world famous.
Services and Utilities in JairampurThe electricity services in Jairampur are provided by the Department of Power Arunachal Pradesh, headquartered in Itanagar and supervises the electrical services throughout the state. The postal services are headed by the Indian Postal Services and there is a single bank State Bank of India in Jairampur providing banking facilities:
State Bank of India
Contact: 03800-222249, 222983
IFSC Code: SBIN0007436
Branch Code: 007436
MICR Code: 786002514
Tourism in JairampurThe town of Jairampur has many beautiful tourist places and naturally scenic beauty all around. The famous historic Stillwell Road is one of the significant tourist attractions of Jairampur.
Stilwell RoadThe historic Stilwell Road was constructed by the Americans during the Second World War from Ledo in Assam, India to Burma Road. This road was built so that Western could supply the Chinese as an alternative to the Burma Road which has been cut out by the Japanese during 1942. The road connects to China and passes through Lekhapani, Jairampur, Nampong, Pangsau Pass and the Indo-Myanmar border.
The road winds up the passes of 9000 feet Patkai range and emerges at Shindbwiyand and then at Myitkyina. The road also crosses the broad bowl of the upper Chindwin, trails the Hukawng and Mougaung valleys, goes down to Bhamo and then joins the Burma Road connecting Kunming, Yunnan province, China.
Construction of Stilwell RoadDuring 19th century, when the British were in Burma, they surveyed a plan of constructing a road from northern Assam to Burma. However, after the Japanese drew most of the British far away from Burma, the plan come into the hands of the Americans to build it. This route was seen as a primary route for supply to China.
On December 1, 1942, the British General Sir Archibald Wavell, who was the supreme commander of the Far Eastern Theater agreed with American General Joseph Warren Stilwell (of US army) to make the Ledo Road an American operation. The road was constructed under the direct supervision of General Stilwell.
The construction started on December 1942 with machinery and equipment for construction being brought from US. On May 20th 1945, the completion of the road was announced by the newly promoted Major General Lewis A. Pick, US Army Engineer. The road was known to engineers’ as ‘Pick’s pike’.
This road was earlier known as Ledo road. It was renamed as Stilwell road after General Joseph Warren in early 1945 at the suggestion of Chiang Kai-shek. This road was an important communicating link between India and Myanmar. The road is currently in a bad shape due to landslides and damage from monsoon rains. The Government has proposed reopening of this road to strengthen the interaction and trades between the two countries.